The Italian and German Dictatorships
This book takes up the stimuli of new international historiography, albeit focusing mainly on the two regimes that undoubtedly provided the model for Fascist movements in Europe, namely the Italian and the German. Starting with a historiographical assessment of the international situation, vis-à-vis studies on Fascism and National Socialism, and then concentrate on certain aspects that are essential to any study of the two dictatorships, namely the complex relationships with their respective societies, the fi gures of the two dictators and the role of violence. This volume reaches beyond the time-frame encompassing Fascism and National Socialism experiences, directing the attention also toward the period subsequent to their demise. This is done in two ways. On the one hand, the uncomfortable architectural legacy left by dictatorships to the democratic societies that came after the war are examined. On the other hand, the book addresses an issue that is very much alive both in the strictly historiographical and political science debate, that is to say, to what extent can the label of Fascism be used to identify political phenomena of these current times, such as movements and parties of the so-called populist and souverainist right.
Andrea Di Michele and Filippo Focardi
I. Fascism and Nazism in a Transnational Key
German Historiography on National Socialism in Its Transnational Context
Italian Fascism in Transnational Historiography
II. “Volksgemeinschaft” and the Relationship between Italian Society and Fascism
From Debates on the Political Order to Visions of Community.
The Trajectories of Writing a Social History of National Socialism
Beyond Consensus: Rethinking Italian Fascism
III. The Dictators: Hitler and Mussolini
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. The Staging of a Political Friendship
Richard J.B. Bosworth
Benito Mussolini: 100 Years on
“Spaces” of Violence. Reflections on a Popular Concept in Holocaust Research
Amedeo Osti Guerrazzi
Fascist Violence. History and Historiography
V. Stone Fascism after the War
Albert A. Feiber and Thomas Schlemmer
Obersalzberg and the Axis.
State Visits between Idyll, Diplomacy, and Atrocity
Traces of Fascist Architecture in Republican Italy
Andrea Di Michele
Fascist Monuments on the Border.
The Case of Bolzano/Bozen, South Tyrol
VI. The New Right and Fascism
“Sempre Presente?”. The Relevance of the Concept “Fascism” to Understanding Contemporary Socio-Political Realities
Old Ideologies and New Strategies. German Right-Wing Populism
CasaPound Italia and Forza Nuova. Back to the Future